Madam Zhang’s lesson was well organised into stages of increasing difficulty, whilst at the same time remaining vivid and interesting. The lesson achieved its learning goals by encouraging children to construct new knowledge in a meaningful context.
At the start of the lesson, Madam Zhang used singing and rhythmic movements to bring the children into an imaginary world of a concert in a forest. Madam Zhang then used pictures and questioning techniques to deepen her children's understanding of the lyrics. Next, the children put on headgears, held simulated musical instruments made by Madam Zhang (using environmentally friendly materials!) and role-played as animal characters in the songs, which further deepened their understanding of the content.
Guided by Madam Zhang, the children also made use of the characters, musical instruments and song lyrics to construct simple sentences. After the children had grasped the sentence structures taught, Madam Zhang stimulated children’s imagination by asking them to use items found in the classroom to construct more complex sentences. This was then taken one step further by encouraging the class to construct sentences using familiar items and memories from their daily lives. This included what they would usually see and hear, their recollection of things their family members often did, topics recently discussed in class, and things they noticed on the way to school.
Madam Zhang’s structured learning procedures enable children to achieve her desired learning outcomes. She uses simple and easy-to-understand class rules to create an enjoyable and positive learning atmosphere for her children. Her enthusiasm for teaching and approachable personality shone throughout these engaging lessons. The children could feel their teacher's care and attention, which gave them the confidence to eagerly participate in all the classroom activities.